Top Five Cryptocurrencies as per Market Cap

Bitcoin, Litecoin, Zcash, Cardano, Ether, Dogecoin, Tether, Titcoin, Potcoin, Auroracoin, Primecoin, Swiftcoin just to name a few of exploding cryptocurrency market. As per investing currency list, there are 2260 cryptocurrencies listed on the market as of 14-Sept. As of 15, March 2018 there were 1658 cryptocurrencies, a whooping upward growth. While launching a crypto may not be much of significance, but getting a position in the market is indeed a tough job.

As of March, the cryptocurrency market capitalization was under $369 billion, that indicates that each of the cryptocurrency in March was worth of ~$222 million. However, that’s not the fact – the top 20 leading cryptos account for 89% of the total market — the other 1,638 cryptocurrencies are worth a combined $39.6 billion.

In fact, if you try listing cryptos with the largest market capitalization, here are the top five cryptos as of writing this article –

top 5

As experts recommend while placing your bet choose the one with the market capitilization[total coins that will ever be produced times current value], the coins potential to survive in the market and the ease with which a coin can be traded for fiat currency like the US dollars.

While market cap, its potential to survive and ease to convert are some of the best bets, Traders owning cryptos other than Litecoin, Bitcoin, Ethereum; Bitcoin Cash also find it hard to trade them for actual fiat. Most of the coins could be traded at online cryptocurrency exchange, and individuals could also buy stuff online, but converting it into a fiat means –

  1. First converting it into a significant cryptocurrency [like BTC or ETH]
  2. Then get USD against it.

So even though a USD value is listed against each of the cryptocurrency, that does not signify you can liquidate it as per your wish.

Hard Forks a Threat to Cryptocurrency Stability??

After investigating 800 soft forks and hard forks from Bitcoin, Benjamin Trump, a fellow of Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education stats that Participants in cryptocurrency networks like Bitcoin need to be better at preempting beneficial software changes. It will ensure the security and privacy of addresses and transactions and help retain the value of cryptocurrencies.

The analysis showed significant growth in some distinct blockchains curtailing from first Bitcoin software. Many of the Bitcoin forks and other altcoins could not survive beyond a few months, while others like Dogecoin, Litecoin or Vertcoin have persisted for years. Recent forks executed in year 2017-end and early 2018 have opened the gates to future forks. As per experts, hard forks in coming days would be more common with a prediction of up to 50 in 2018 alone.

Read more at ScienceDaily.

Nuo is a decentralised and transparent crypto banking platform. It acts as a blockchain powered financial control centre to store, spend, borrow and grow your crypto-currencies. Install the android app or try out our crypto backed loans platform.

Different Types of Crypto-backed Loans

Our last post spoke about the differences between the peer to peer lending and Crypto lending if you didn’t get a chance to check here is the link. Taking a step further today we would talk about different types of crypto-backed loans available in the market.

The crypto assets market is still in evolving phase, and earlier where the crypto world only witnessed holders and miners as the market participants, another group emerging in cryptosphere of – issuers, investors, lenders, borrowers demanding exotic flavors in lending services. The flavors available now are in a basic form that allows holders of crypto assets to generate income from interest earned.

Types of Crypto-backed loans

Crypto-to-Crypto Lending

The arrangement works for people who have spare crypto and are not using at any time. Just lend your Bitcoin or Ether, or Altcoins agree to the smart contract and earn an interest rate for a given period of time. It helps users or businesses to earn extra cryptos just by lending it.

Firm offering Crypto to Crypto Lending – Coincheck, Lending Block, Nuo Bank

Crypto-to-Cash Lending

The model works with businesses/users who are holders of cryptocurrency and in need of Cash. So the cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, Ether or Altcoin work as collateral and the user gets the cash in hand. The cash amount is usually credited to the bank account linked, the borrower needs to make monthly payments and once the amount is fully paid the collateral is reimbursed.

Certain kind of conditions are applicable in case of Crypto to cash lending like in case if the collateral price is dropped by a specific percentage say 25-30, the lending service platform can request for more capital.

Firm offering Crypto to Cash Lending – Unchained Capital, SALT Lending

Margin Funding

It is a unique service offered currently by Bitfinex, which allows individuals/users to fund in multiple currencies to Bitfinex traders. The interest rate, duration could all be decided by the individual who is funding it.

In such case, a user could earn a passive income by lending USD/cryptocurrency depending upon the trade volume and price at a given time.

Firm offering Margin Lending – Bitfinex, Nuo Bank [Launching Soon]



Bitcoin, Asd,

Bitcoin on it way back to $10000 if it holds its value above $7000, crypto trader says.

Cryptocurrency trader Michael Moro says – If bitcoin holds its value around $7,150, it could be on its way back to $10,000. Speaking on CNBC’s Fast Money he mentioned – If the [$7,000] level holds, say for the next week, two weeks, the bulls will 100 percent be back. They will be more comfortable than the lows for the year are in, and that we are more likely to see $10,000, rather than $5,000. Moro, CEO of cryptocurrency trading firm Genesis Trading and of Genesis Capita said – Once the news broke about the SEC rejection and the price actually held, we did not see the 5, 10, 15 percent sell-off that you’ve seen in previous rejections. So I think the bears have realized they’ve run out of steam.

Read complete news at CNBC

Nuo is a decentralised and transparent crypto banking platform. It acts as a blockchain powered financial control centre to store, spend, borrow and grow your crypto-currencies. Install the android app or try out our crypto backed loans platform.


2017 has been a transformative year for blockchain and digital currency. As stated by coindesk – The combined market cap rocketed from $15 billion in January to over $600 billion by year’s end. While such exponential growth has acted as a barrier to fresh entrants in crypto domains, with a dip in the market, the newbies are trying to explore the opportunity and get some exposure to cryptosphere. While the hype is all around, the fresh investors might fall for misleading information easily accessible to them.

Our post would talk about some of the myths floating around and the TRUTH behind them. So let’s dive in –

Cryptocurrency is a Ponzi Scheme

When you see your news channel/subscription flashing news like –

“Alleged India Bitconnect head, Divyesh Darji, was arrested this week at an airport in Delhi as he arrived from Dubai. He and conspirators are accused of bilking millions of dollars (Rs 88,000 crore) from Indian investors seeking to find financial refuge during the government’s demonetization campaign.” Read more at


Chinese Police Arrest Hackers Behind $87 Million Cryptocurrency Theft. Read more at”

It might push you to think cryptocurrency is a Ponzi scheme, but its not the fault of the technology but the people who try to misuse and con you and that could happen with any technology.

Cryptocurrency, a use case of blockchain technology has been in the market and used by various verticals across the globe. Firms like Ripple are making seamless payments around the world via digital assets. So while you make up your mind to start investing, make sure to check the reliability and credibility of the firm.

Coins and Tokens are Same

Honestly, Tokens and Coins are the categories of cryptocurrency.

Coins/ Alternative cryptocurrency coins/ Altcoins

In laymen terms, they are the coins that are alternatives to Bitcoin, Ether, etc. The way an altcoin is synthesized is as follows – First, an open source blockchain, with original protocol [ may be a variant of Bitcoin or created their own blockchain like Ethereum, Ripple with new protocol]is picked up and then the underlying code is changed, resulting in a new coin or cryptocoin. Some examples of cryptocoins are – Litecoin, Peercoin, Auroracoin, etc.


Tokens could be defined as a representation of a particular utility or asset, which need to reside on top of another blockchain. They are a representation of an asset that is tradeable and fungible, maybe commodities or loyalty points or even other cryptocurrencies.

Tokens need another platform like Omni or Ethereum to operate and exist. Tokens are created over ICO’s or initial Coin Offerings, and is necessary to fund the operating expenses to host it as a service.

Cryptocurrency is only for criminals/tax evaders

Cryptocurrency because of its nature of decentralization and anonymity may have attracted tax evaders and criminals for money laundering and drug trafficking. But they are also used by law-abiding citizens around the world. While one of the use cases of cryptocurrency is for people in underdeveloped and developing countries to enable financial inclusion, it is also helping citizens of countries where there are political and economic instability.

Crypto transactions are anonymous

The essential feature of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency is that it is private. However, the government in the US has implemented regulations wherein exchanges have to comply with Anti Money Laundering and Know Your Customer Regulations. In the European Union, the exchange platform needs to follow guidelines issued by Financial Action Task Force (FATF), then complemented by national rules. The framework bars the subjected entities, from keeping anonymous accounts or accounts in fictitious names. In Asia as well, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is applied. In South Korea that is considered to be one of the biggest hubs of cryptocurrency has banned anonymous trading of cryptocurrencies and requires the entities to verify their customers appropriately.

Bitcoin is the only Cryptocurrency available

Amongst all the cryptocurrency available, Bitcoin is the most popular, backed up by strong community base, is the talk of the town and trending, hence at times mistaken as the only cryptocurrency available.

Cryptocurrency is Not Legal

Cryptocurrency is NOT ILLEGAL. However, the discussion is whether a country accepts it as an alternative to physical currency. Also, government across the globe are trying to lay down regulations to help people from misusing it.



Cointelegraph, citowise, masterthecrypto


Huobi, cryptocurrency exchange partners with five firms to launch Trading Platform

Huobi one of the longest running exchange platforms, who recently shifted their operations to Singapore has colloborated with five firms to launch trading platform in the Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, and Canada. With a decline in digitial assets prices less people are interested in trading. In fact Huobi Exchange saw a decline in number of visits on to their platform this Februrary.

Read more at newsbtc

Nuo is a decentralised and transparent crypto banking platform. It acts as a blockchain powered financial control centre to store, spend, borrow and grow your crypto-currencies. Install the android app or try out our crypto backed loans platform.


The year 2018 for Bitcoin had been nothing less than a roller coaster ride, where the market participant had witnessed a significant decline and only hope for it to rise again. Even if we compare the current price[as [ I write this article, the Bitcoin(USD) price is $6,300.44] to the time when new year knocked our doors[trading at 13,542.55 ], we have witnessed a significant plunge.

What could be the possible reasons for Bitcoin to get miscued? Let’s look at some of the major events that happened this year and resulted in Bitcoin price decline.

Major Events that Affected the Bitcoin Price This Year


Dec 28, 2017 – South Korea eyeing potential shutdown of cryptocurrency exchanges

According to a statement from the Office for Government Policy Coordination – South Korea will require real-name cryptocurrency transactions and impose a ban on the offering of virtual accounts by banks to crypto-exchanges. Releasing a statement, the government said Cryptocurrency speculation had been irrationally overheated in Korea. The government can’t leave the abnormal situation of speculation any longer.”

Bitcoin Price on 28-Dec-2017 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$16064.44 $14621.88


Jan 8, 2018 – CoinMarketCap hashed prices from South Korean exchanges

The Market in the second week of January 2018 witnessed a drop in Bitcoin price after a website CoinMarketCap removed prices from South Korean exchanges from its calculations of digital currency rates without any warning.

CoinMarketCap, a widely followed website by market participants that shows real-time prices for around 1300 + cryptocurrencies. With a sudden movement of exclusion of data from the South Korean exchange, it confused market participants and triggered a selloff.

Bitcoin Price on 08-Jan-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$16834.12 $15546.07


Jan 30, 2018 – Facebook bans cryptocurrency ads

As per Facebook new policy, it prohibits advertisements that promote financial products and services that are frequently associated with misleading or deceptive promotional practices, such as binary options, initial coin offerings, and cryptocurrency. The move was triggered due to persistent complaints about spammy and fraudulent cryptocurrency ads; Facebook has issued an outright ban. However, the new policy is sure to be welcomed by Facebook users and bitcoin enthusiasts alike, who recognize that these adverts do little to promote the benefits of cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin Price on 30-Jan-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$11400.77 $10788.89

 March 7, 2018 – SEC says crypto exchanges must register with the agency

In a statement on Wednesday SEC noted – that online platforms trading digital assets that are considered securities need to register with the agency. Bitcoin price slashed, fearing that tightening regulation could restrict future trading.

Bitcoin Price on 07-Mar-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$11091.64 $10474.36


March 14, 2018 – Google Bans cryptocurrency ads

As per Googles new financial products policy effective from June 2018, Google would no longer be serving as an ad platform to binary options, cryptocurrencies, ICO’s cryptocurrency wallets, trading advice.  Google in a statement to CNBC said – we want our ecosystem to be safe and effective, and as the cryptocurrency market is unregulated and has been hit by a lot of scams, we need to take some measures.

Bitcoin Price on 14-Mar-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$9208.96 $8832.15


March 26, 2018 – Twitter bands cryptocurrency ads

Following Facebook and Google, Twitter also amended its policy in banning cryptocurrency ads. As per Twitter spokesperson – Under this new policy, the advertisement of Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and token sales will be prohibited globally.

Bitcoin Price on 26-Mar-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$8676.53 $8256.81


April 01, 2018 Bitcoin  close to Death Cross chart pattern

Chart analysts saw an alarming trend in bitcoin’s pricing pattern; the one termed as Death Cross. Although experts were arguing if Death cross would be good or bad, it was undoubtedly a signal of bearish market leading to more decline in bitcoin prices.

Bitcoin Price on 01-Apr-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$7041.48 $6842.43


May 11, 2018, South Korea’s exchange Upbit is suspected of fraud.

As reports surfaced that one of the largest executors in South Africa Upbit is suspected of fraud, the bitcoin price dropped below $9000 mark.

Bitcoin Price on 11-May-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$9289.09 $8728.95


May 23, 2018, India proposes 18% tax on cryptocurrency trading and Regulatory Uncertainty pushed by US and Canada

As per a proposal under discussion by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs India, cryptocurrency trading that would be classified as intangible goods may attract 18%  Goods and Services Tax (GST).

On the same day, the financial authorities in the US and Canada declared a cooperative crackdown on initial coin offerings (ICOs) and other cryptocurrency investment schemes, led by the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA).

The two roller coaster news triggered a decline in Bitcoin pricing further.

Bitcoin Price on 23-May-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$8262.65 $7818.21


June 11, 2018, South Korean Exchange Coinrail hacked

Although experts believe that the price plunge has nothing to do with the exchange being hacked, some people had a different opinion. Overall, there was a dip in the Bitcoin price, and market participants were hoping the next trading day would help them to revamp.

Bitcoin Price on 11-June-2018 Bitcoin Price Next Trading day
$7158.95 $6786.98


The Bitcoin Price Trend Predictions

Though Bitcoin prices have declined this year, many experts believe a correction to be made in coming months.

Arthur Hayes, CEO of BitMEX stated:

Well, I think that something that goes up to $20,000 in one year can have a correction down to around $6,000.” Later on, adding about the cryptocurrency, he says – one positive regulatory decision away, maybe an ETF approved by the SEC, to climbing through $20,000 or even $50,000 by the end of the year.”

On the other hand, Clem Chambers, Founder of ADVFN says – “It will probably hit $2,000 before it hits $20,000.” Later he also added that Bitcoin “is quite likely’ to eventually hit the $100,000 price level.

Another crucial statement was stated by The Founder of Fundtsrat Tom Lee, he says – Bitcoin can reach $25,000 by the end of the year or something like that.”And his predictions are based on future Bitcoin mining costs.

Canaccord – Approval for Bitcoin ETF likely in 2019

Canaccord the largest independent investment dealer in Canada, in its quarterly updates on cryptocurrencies, dives into a range of categories that includes security tokens and recent developments in cryptocurrency spot prices. It also provided insights to its favorite category Bitcoin ETF which the crypto-community has viewed with renewed fervor following a proposed rule change by CBOE, which is seeking to list such a product in conjunction with money manager VanEck and crypto startup SolidX.

While Canaccord acknowledges the interest of those backing up ETF, they have put forward the viewpoint that SEC may extend its decision as long as it can. In theory, the SEC could make a decision as early as Friday, August 10.

Read more at coindesk

Nuo is a decentralised and transparent crypto banking platform. It acts as a blockchain powered financial control centre to store, spend, borrow and grow your crypto-currencies. Install the android app or try out our crypto backed loans platform.

How Could Plasma Help Ethereum Scale Up?


Let’s start with some good news about Ethereum

100,000. The number of refugees served by the World Food Programme’s Ethereum Experiment in Jordan.

16,678. The number of live Ethereum nodes.

1,000,000+. The number of downloaded MetaMask Ethereum browser extensions.

1,552 decentralized applications currently launched on Ethereum.

35,000,000+ unique addresses on the Ethereum blockchain.

30x more Ethereum developers than the next blockchain community.

And now some bad news –

May 20, 2018– Ethereum Network Congestion Doubles Gas Fees as Game dApps Capture $7.5M in 24 Hours

July 03, 2018 – Ethereum (ETH) Network Congested Again, As Market Prices Revive

While good news points to the fact that Ethereum is a treasured network, helping people and snowballing, the bad news highlights the fact that an increase in user base, leads to congestion resulting in price hikes. A quick glance, on major Ethereum congestion issues, in last six months we would find it was mostly because of the transaction of Ethereum based Dapps that affected the transaction throughput hence caused congestion. Bottomline – Ethereum is facing scalability issue.  Fortunately, the community is working hard to launch two new improvements Plasma and Sharding that could scale up Ethereum network to support tens of thousands of transactions per second. Let’s explore it in detail –

What is Ethereum Scalability Problem?

Every website/software or network intends to support as many users as it can, but unfortunately, the architecture does not support infinite users, Ethereum also faces the same issue. Due to a hard-coded limit on computation per block, the Ethereum blockchain network supports ~ 15 tps[transaction per second]. Now when a new release of Dapps is initiated, the network is flooded with transactions, but due to its architecture, it could only process handful, thereby causing delays and congestion on the network. The technical glitch has been under discussion by community and researchers.

Why is scaling so difficult?

Ethereum blockchain by design uses a combination of software tricks and incentives, which ensures to precisely record who owns what with a central authority. Ethereum is also dependent on a network of nodes, where each node stores the transaction history [entire], the current account balances, storage, and contracts. Overall it is a cumbersome task, leading to an increase in transactions and size with each new block.

Now, the concern is, to strike a balance in finding the key[to validate the transcation] and also grow the number of users [like to purchase stuff online or play games]

Rising the block size could be an option, but then it would throw individuals off the network as not many individuals could fund to facilitate large data nodes. However, the irony is that running a full is the best way to achieve benefits of security and privacy.  But full nodes would limit the number of people that could validate the transactions.

What is Plasma?

In our last post, we mentioned how Bitcoin Scalability Problem could be resolved by a concept called as Bitcoin Lightning Network, similar to the technique is Plasma where the transaction is carried off-chain, and root-chain is responsible for maintaining security and privacy. In the current state, Ethereum, chain of blocks performs computation, storing, transferring and even processing of data, channeling some of the tasks onto a different channel, i.e., off-chaining could help to reduce the load but assures the pros of a decentralized, immutable and distributed network.

Plasma blockchains are a chain within a blockchain. So there would be a root chain[e.g., Ethereum], linked to it would be a child-chain [off-chain, Plasma] that could again spawn its child-chain and this process could continue. So Plasma is many branching blockchains linked to one root blockchain. Plasma is also known as Layer 2 solutions because it is built “on top of” the Ethereum main-chain. It does not require changes to the base level protocol — instead, it exists merely as smart contracts on Ethereum that interact with off-chain software.

a Custom Plasma chain
Ref –

The smart contracts are still handled by Ethereum network, the only change that would be seen is the broadcasting of the completed transactions to the public Ethereum chain. So, for example, there are two parties



Transferring 5$ to B


Transferring 10$ to A

Transferring 25$ to B

Broadcast Message

Transferred 20$ to A


One could think of a TREE structure that at a set frequency communicates/transfers information with its root-chain.

With off-loading the child-chain gets an added advantage to performing complex computation, helping developers to launch innovative dapps and get more users. One of the most significant advantages of the Plasma chain is that it could run a faster speed, lower cost and all of the data need not be replicated across the entire network.

How does Plasma work?

Let’s pick a conceptual example to know How Plasma works?

Suppose Mike and Alan are keen on playing chess, where the winner receives 5ETH. There could be two possible ways to implement it on a blockchain network –

Traditional Way

The plain and simple way of implementing this would be to create a smart contract on root chain[i.e., ethereum], feed the rules, logic, and a track of players moves. Every time Mike and Alan make a move, a transaction is sent out to the contract. And when one of them wins, the contract pays 5ETH to the winner.

By design and execution, this method would work but would be slow and inefficient. For each transaction made they need to pay the gas cost and wait before making the next move until the blocks are mined. Also, imagine if the number of players increases just recently when crypto kitties was launched, and it caused congestion to the network.

Going Plasma Way

On the root-chain, i.e., Ethereum main chain we create a set of smart contracts of our Plasma child-chain. The Plasma root contains the state transition rules [rules, logic, and track of players move, records hashes] and acts as a bridge, which allows players to move assets between the root-chain and the child chain.

Now, is the time to create child-chain. The child chain could have its consensus algorithm and depending upon the consensus it would have validators [i.e., one who validates blocks that the transaction is true or not]. Once the child-chain is active, the validators could schedule a periodic commitment to the root. That means I commit that the most recent block in the child-chain is X”. These commitments are recorded on-chain in the Plasma root as a proof of what has happened in the child-chain.

We have in place the Plasma root; the child chain,  now is the time to create the essential components of our game. Here is the twist – the basic components of the game could be built on the Ethereum main chain, and via the Plasma root could be moved onto the child chain, which means Plasma allows you to scale interactions with blockchain-based digital assets, but those assets should be created first on the Ethereum-main chain. Once that is done, you could deploy them onto the child chain that would have the components, logic, rules.

While players interact over a child chain, without even interacting with the main chain that leads to a much smaller node to process transactions, lowering fees and faster processing.

Has Plasma been Implemented?

Plasma is in a very nascent phase, while Vitalik research of Minimum viable product [MVP] has the details, the work is still in progress. One of firm OmiseGo in Jan 2018 did launch the information on how they are building Plasma. You can explore them here.

Plasma – The Questions Unanswered

  1. Could implementation of Plasma delay a vital transaction to be added to Ethereum main network
  2. The cost involved in running a sidechain? Could this have any effect of the gas price?
  3. The deployment and execution plan of Plasma onto Ethereum network?
  4. Would Dapps start with Plasma initiative or is it Ethereum?
  5. The role of miners in case of child chain floating around?

With some unanswered question, we do hope Plasma helps Ethereum in scaling up. However, only time will tell….

Our next article would talk about Sharding and the benefits it has for Ethereum. Stay tuned.


L4Media,, dappsguru,

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